Mekka

Collection History

The materials selected for the debut of this evolving digital collection include classics of illustrated travel and regional archaeology, as well as the Library's earliest works of photography in the Middle East region. In general, they came to the Library from the founding collections of the Astor and Lenox libraries; these institutions had in turn acquired many titles as contemporary illustrated publications of their time. The digital collection ranges to the turn of the last century when entrepreneurial photographers and publishers mass-produced handsome mounted photographs, custom albums, and elegant photo-mechanically printed books for the tourist. Most of the photographic compilations came to the Library as gifts from the descendents of the travelers whose journeys they evoke.

Background

Monuments of ancient Egypt and the Biblical world figured prominently in the early years of photography. French Academician François Arago (1786-1853) endorsed the new medium in 1839 claiming it would provide a labor-saving means "to copy the millions and millions of hieroglyphics which entirely cover the great monuments at Thebes, Memphis and Carnac, etc." Immediately artist-travelers took chemicals, cameras, and photographic plates of metal, and later glass into the regions around the southeastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea, to record the famous sights that had been known previously to Westerners only through the intervention of the artist's hand.

In addition to early photographic pioneers Du Camp, Salzmann, Robertson & Beato, and Frith, the collection includes work by image providers catering to tourist travelers in the last third of the 19th century, such as Arnoux, A. Beato, Bonfils, Lekegian, Sébah, and Zangaki. The selection offers resources for exploring Western impressions of the Middle East in that era through the lens of practitioners of the new medium of photography, and in turn through the expectations, preferences, and assumptions of its consumers.

Related Resources

Beelden van de Oriënt: fotografie en toerisme, 1860-1900 = Images of the Orient: Photography and Tourism, 1860-1900. (c1986)

Chevedden, Paul E. The Photographic Heritage of the Middle East: an Exhibition of Early Photographs of Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, Greece, & Iran, 1849-1893. (c1981) Occasional papers on the Near East; OP 1/3.

Dewitz, Bodo von. An den süssen Ufern Asiens: Ägypten, Palästina, Osmanisches Reich: Reiseziele des 19. Jahrhunderts in frühen Photographien.(1988)

Evans, Elaine Altman. Scholars, Scoundrels, and the Sphinx: a Photographic and Archaeological Adventure Up the Nile. (2000)

Graham-Brown, Sarah. Images of Women: the Portrayal of Women in Photography of the Middle East, 1860-1950. (1988)

Howe, Kathleen Stewart. Excursions Along the Nile: the Photographic Discovery of Ancient Egypt. (c1993)

Jammes, Marie-Thérèse. En Egypte au temps de Flaubert: 1839-1860, les premiers photographes. ([1980])

L'Orientalisme: l'Orient des photographes au XIXe siècle. (c1994)

Perez, Nissan N. Focus East: Early Photography in the Near East, 1839-1885. (1988)

Vaczek, Louis Charles and Gail Buckland. Travelers in Ancient Lands: a Portrait of the Middle East, 1839-1919. (c1981)

Collection Data

Names
Hurgronje, C. Snouck (Christiaan Snouck) (1857-1936) (Author)
Dates / Origin
Date Issued: 1888 - 1889
Place Term: Haag
Publisher: M. Nijhoff
Library locations
Rare Book Division
Shelf locator: *OFW (Snouck Hurgronje, C. Mekka) Library has: Text; *OFM+++ (Snouck Hungronje, C. Mekka) Library has: Atlas
Topics
Mecca (Saudi Arabia) -- Social life and customs
Genres
Books
Prints
Photographs
Notes
Ownership : The New Public Library purchased from the Jacob H. Schiff Fund.

Content: ["With the exeption of the plates on p. 27 and p. 36-37, which are drawn from photographs by Sadiq Bey (the second one being a drawing with modifications) all the plates in the Album are from photographs taken either by myself or by an Arab whom I have instructed in picture-taking, or they represent paintings executed after my collection of objects from Makkah" / From : "Makkah a hundred years ago or C. Snouck Hurgronje's remarkable Albums" ed. , with a new Introduction, by Angelo Pesce. London, 1986, p.16; call # JFG 89-41 / [ [Compare with the original text of Snouck.]
Physical Description
Extent: 2 v. fold. plans 25 cm. and atlas of 40 pl. 38 cm.
Form: Plans ( Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials )
Form: Chromolithographs ( Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials )
Extent: 2 v. , fold. plans, 25 cm and Atlas of 40 pl. 38 cm
Type of Resource
Still image
Type of Resource
Text
Languages
German
Identifiers
RLIN/OCLC : 1452358
NYPL catalog ID (B-number) : b14091054
Library of Congress Control Number : 05010097 //r
UUID: 27f4c840-c6cd-012f-dd52-58d385a7bc34
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