Content: The International Theatre Institute Collection consists ofrecords documenting the history of the ITI institution from 1946 to 2005, and items describing international theatre activity during the latter half of the 20th century, with the bulk of the material from the 1970s and 1980s. The archive of ITI institutional history makes up Series I-VIII, and includes correspondence, minutes, reports, notes, budgets, conference papers, directories, schedules, and other printed matter. The theatre materials, which were formerly available as part of the ITI / U.S. reference library, comprise Series IX-XI, and include play manuscripts, programs, press releases, newsletters, season brochures, festival catalogs, dramaturgical essays, transcripts of taped interviews, commemorative pamphlets, clippings, and other ephemera. The collection is particularly strong in its documentationof the ITI / U.S. Center's activities, of ITI's World Congresses, of Latin American playwriting and theatre, andof European theatre.
Content: The International Theatre Institute (ITI) is a non-governmental organization that was created by theatre professionals in cooperation with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco)to promote the international exchange of knowledge and practice in theatre arts. Such artists as Lillian Hellman and Archibald MacLeish of the U.S., Jean-Louis Barrault ofFrance, and Tyrone Guthrie and J.B. Priestley of the U.K. took part in its formation. It was felt that the theatre needed an official voice after World War II, as artists "could and should communicate across borders even when their governments [might] not." Its Charter was adopted in 1948, its functioning is patterned after that of Unesco: the Institute is composed of National Centers, (itbegan with 8 and had 90 by 2005). The first Secretary General was Maurice Kurtz, a theatre lecturer and originalmember of the Unesco secretariat. The founding Director of the U.S. National Center was theatre writer and editor Rosamond Gilder.
Statement of responsibility: Martha W. Coigney Collection, 1946-2006.