Photoglyphic engravings and other photomechanical prints presented to William Crookes

Collection Data

Names
Talbot, William Henry Fox, 1800-1877 (Engraver)
Crookes, William, 1832-1919 (Former owner)
Boni, Albert, 1892-1981 (Former owner)
Pretsch, Paul, 1808-1873 (Engraver)
Riffaut, Adolphe Pierre, 1821-1859 (Engraver)
Clouzard, Athanase, 1820-1903 (Photographer)
Soulier, Charles, ca. 1840-ca. 1876 (Photographer)
Clouzard et Soulier (Photographer)
Frith, Francis (Photographer)
Riffaut, Pauline (Photographer)
Brooker, Thomas, 1813-1885 (Printer of plates)
Patent Photo-Galvanographic Company (Printer of plates)
Dates / Origin
Date Created: 1852 - 1858 (Approximate)
Library locations
The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection
Shelf locator: MFZ (Talbot) 05-3269
Topics
nature photography
Photomechanical processes -- Specimens
Genres
Photoengravings
Notes
Statement of responsibility: William Henry Fox Talbot ; with 3 additional prints by Paul Pretsch and Adolphe-Pierre Riffaut and Pauline Riffaut.
Citation/reference: Schaaf, L.J. Talbot and photogravure (Sun pictures, cat. 12), 6, 8-9, 13 (variant), 20-21, 38
Content: Collection comprises 7 photoglyphic engravings by Talbot; 9 photographic engravings by Talbot, using his earlier patented process (of these, 2 employ screens made of gauze); 2 photogalvanographs by Pretsch; and 1 heliographic engraving by the Riffauts. The earlier photographic engravings by Talbot are apparently from nature prints, from grass or foliage specimens or fabric fragments. The photoglyphic engravings, except for "Adiantum capillus Veneris," a nature print, are from architectural photographs, including at least 2 after photographs by the French firm Clouzard et Soulier (Athanase Clouzard and Charles Soulier) and 1 after a photograph by Francis Frith. The Clouzard et Soulier prints were among the 7 images selected to include in The photographic news.
Bibliographic history: Each copy of The photographic news, v. 1, no. 10 (Nov. 12, 1858) was issued with one of 7 different photoglyphic engravings by Talbot after architectural photographs by Clouzard et Soulier, printed by Thomas Brooker, London. Cf. The photographic news, v. 1, no. 10, p. [109]-110. This copy contains "The new Louvre, Paris." Engraved in lower margin preceding the title: "Photoglyph. Presented with the Photographic news." In this example, 2 tick marks beneath lower right corner of image indicate the plate number, as several plates were engraved for each image. Plate mark: 10.1 x 12.7 cm. Cf. also article in The photographic news, v. 1, no. 3, p. [25], which mentions several of the engravings used. Accompanied by Talbot's earlier photographic engraving patent (1852; 2nd ed., 1914), and a typewritten description copied from E.P. Goldschmidt & Co.'s Catalogue 68 (1941). Patent has caption title: "A.D. 1852, no. 565. Engraving. Letters patent to William Henry Fox Talbot ... for the invention of 'improvements in the art of engraving.' Sealed the 24th January 1853 and dated the 29th October 1852." At end: Redhill : Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by Love & Malcomson, Ltd. (Wt. 35--25/6/1914). 9 p. ; 26 cm.
In Contents, below, titles of the Talbot prints that are enclosed in quotation marks are from pencil inscriptions beneath the plate mark (some partially cropped); titles in square brackets are supplied from Schaaf or by the cataloger. The Riffaut engraving is titled and signed in the medium.
Content: "Acacia melanoxylon." Photographic engraving. Plate mark: 10.1 x 7 cm. -- [Foliage, including the Acacia melanoxylon specimen from previous print.] Photographic engraving from a steel plate, with superimposed pattern of gauze. Schaaf 21. Plate mark: 20.2 x 12.8 cm. -- "Rare grass from South of France." Photographic engraving. Schaaf 9. Plate mark: 12.7 x 20 cm. -- [Torn and folded scrap of crape.] Photographic engraving. Laterally reversed variant of Schaaf 13. Plate mark: 10.1 x 7 cm. -- [Strip of lace with selvage.] Photographic engraving. Schaaf 8. Plate mark: 20.1 x 12.8 cm. -- "Jacaranda mimosifolia." Photographic engraving from a steel plate, with superimposed pattern of gauze. Schaaf 20. Plate mark: 20.3 x 12.7 cm. -- [Three grasses.] Photographic engraving. Schaaf 6. Plate mark: 7 x 10.3 cm. -- [Grass.] Photographic engraving. Plate mark: 10 x 7.3 cm. -- [Grass.] Photographic engraving. Plate mark: 7.1 x 10.1 cm. -- "Adiantum capillus Veneris." Photoglyphic engraving. Plate mark: 10.1 x 7 cm. -- [Palace of the Duc de Montpensier, Seville, Spain.] Photoglyphic engraving, after Clouzard et Soulier; one of 7 images included with various copies of The photographic news, no. 10. Cf. The photographic news, v. 1, no. 3, p. [25]; no. 10, p. [109]; Hanson, D.A. The David A. Hanson coll. of the history of photomechanical printing, 1858:4 (http://maca.cdmhost.com/u?/p1325coll1,136). Plate mark: 10.2 x 12.8 cm. -- "Statue of Charles IV. Prague. Bohemia." Photoglyphic engraving. Mentioned in Crookes to Talbot, Nov. 26, 1858. Plate mark: 10.3 x 12.8 cm. -- "Notre Dame. Paris." Photoglyphic engraving. Schaaf 38. Mentioned in Crookes to Talbot, Nov. 26, 1858. Plate mark: 9.5 x 12.6 cm. -- "Court of Lions, Alhambra, Granada. H.F.T." Photoglyphic engraving, after Clouzard et Soulier; one of 7 images included with various copies of The photographic news, no. 10. Cf. The photographic news, v. 1, no. 3, p. [25]; no. 10, p. [109]. Plate mark: 10.4 x 12.7 cm. -- "Temple of Edfou. Egypt. H.F.T. sculps." Photoglyphic engraving, after Francis Frith (signed in medium: Frith 355). Cf. The photographic news, v. 1, no. 3, p. [25]. Plate mark: 9.5 x 12.7 cm. -- "St. Sulpice. Paris." Photoglyphic engraving. Mentioned in Crookes to Talbot, Nov. 26, 1858. Plate mark: 9.5 x 12.6 cm. -- [Arch of Titus, Rome.] Photogalvanograph, made from a stereographic photograph. Blind stamp below plate mark: "The Patent Photo-Galvanographic Company. Holloway, London." Plate mark: 10.9 x 17 cm. -- [Rembrandt, self portrait.] Photogalvanograph, from a 1633 etching, laterally reversed. Blind stamp below plate mark: "The Patent Photo-Galvanographic Company. Holloway, London." Inscribed "From the print itself." Plate mark: 13.9 x 11.3 cm. -- Bibliothèque du Louvre / photographie sur acier par Mme. P. Riffaut ; A. Riffaut sc. Heliographic engraving, 1854. Published in: La lumière, v. 4, no. 40 (Oct. 7, 1854), p. [157]. Plate mark: 18.5 x 13.1 cm.
Acquisition: Gift of Albert Boni, 1943.
Source note: 266949B; Gift; Albert Boni; 1943
Physical Description
Extent: 19 photomechanical prints : photographic engraving, photoglyphic engraving, photogalvanograph, heliographic engraving, b&w ; 26 x 17 cm. + 1 pamphlet + 1 sheet
Bound in William Crookes' copy of The photographic news, v. 1 (Sept. 10, 1858-Mar. 4, 1859); an additional photoglyphic engraving by Talbot is included, as issued with no. 10.
Photomechanical prints
Type of Resource
Still image
Identifiers
NYPL catalog ID (B-number): b19334744
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): b24391d0-5951-0132-fff8-58d385a7bbd0
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