Roman de la Rose

Collection History

The New York Public Library possesses one of the largest and finest collections of medieval and Renaissance illuminated manuscripts in North America, yet its manuscript holdings are scarcely known to scholars, much less to a wide public audience. Medieval and Renaissance illuminated manuscripts are vehicles of the collective memory of western European culture, and provide a material connection between the scribes, illuminators, and patrons who produced these works and the audiences who view them today.

The works represent diverse genres, from Bibles and missals to romance literature and science texts. Dating from the turn of the 10th century until well into the period of the Renaissance, these works give vivid testimony to the creative impulses of the often nameless craftsmen who continually discovered new ways of animating the contents of hand-produced books through inventive and sometimes exuberant manipulations of all the elements of the book: form and format, layout, script, decoration, illustration, and binding.

Drawn from the Library's Spencer Collection and the Manuscripts and Archives Division, these works focus on the 9th through the 16th centuries -- seven hundred years of profound political, ecclesiastical, social, and intellectual change in Western Europe and the world. Among these rare items are a 10th-century Ottonian manuscript, with its imitation of Byzantine textile with gold decoration; the Towneley Lectionary, illuminated by Giulio Clovio (once praised as the "Michelangelo of small works"), which originated in Rome and probably belonged to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese; and a late 15th-century Book of Hours, which represents the leading style of illumination from Besançon, one of the French Regional Schools.


"The Digital Scriptorium" originated in the mid-1990s as an image database, intended to unite scattered resources from many institutions into an international tool for teaching and scholarly research. NYPL curators have augmented the Digital Scriptorium's primary documentation of NYPL's contribution of 259 manuscript parts with images of the works' most significant illuminations. Some works in this digital presentation also appeared in the exhibition, "The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at The New York Public Library," held October 21, 2005 - February 12, 2006 in the Library's D. Samuel and Jeane H. Gottesman Exhibition Hall.

- Collection History and Background text excerpted from the press release and exhibition catalog descriptions for "The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at The New York Public Library."

Related Resources

Alexander, Jonathan J. G., James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler. The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at The New York Public Library. (2005)

NYPL. "The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at The New York Public Library." (2005-2006) <>

University of California, Berkeley. "The Digital Scriptorium." (c1996-2004) <>

Collection Data

"Ms. on vellum in French verse... Written in 2 columns with large miniature on gold ground on folio 1 recto, surrounded by ivy leaf border, and 71 column-wide pen-and-ink drawings, delicately tinted, in the text. Bound in 18th cent. French red morocco, gilt..."--Dictionary catalog and shelf list of the Spencer Collection of illustrated books and manuscripts and fine bindings.
Guillaume, de Lorris, active 1230 (Author)
Ruskin, John, 1819-1900 (Former owner)
Jean de Meun, approximately 1240-approximately 1305 (Author)
Dates / Origin
Date Created: 1390 - 1410 (Approximate)
Library locations
Spencer Collection
Shelf locator: Spencer Collection Ms. 078
Miniatures (Illuminations)
Ownership: Collection of John Ruskin of Brantwood, with marginal notes in his own hand.
Content: Dictionary Catalog, 906.
Content: There are several sets of foliations in this manuscript. The correct set is in the upper right corner. It appears alone, or with an incorrect set below it, or not at all.
Content: Ivy leaf border around opening miniature. 6-line blue initial on gold and red field. 2-line red and blue initials with opposing-color penwork. Yellow daubs as placemarkers. Rubrics. 1-line initials open each line of verse.
Content: Quire structure indicates that the first vellum leaf should be counted as a flyleaf, not as part of the first quire.
Content: 34 lines in two columns, ruled in light black pen, catchwords and some quire signatures and prickings visible. Collation: I-IV (8 folios each); V (7 folios); VI-XXI (8 folios each); XXII (4 folios).
Content: Parchment
Content: Large miniature on gold ground on f. 1; 71 column-wide pen and ink drawings in the text.
Physical Description
Extent: Ff. 1-171v : 314 x 258 mm.
Type of Resource
Still image
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): f7573320-c61d-012f-3a66-58d385a7bc34
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