Interview with Ethel Butler, 1977

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Title
Interview with Ethel Butler, 1977
Names
Butler, Ethel (Interviewee)
Kendall, Elizabeth, 1947- (Interviewer)
Collection

Dance Oral History Project

Dates / Origin
Date Created: 1977-01-12
Library locations
Jerome Robbins Dance Division
Shelf locator: *MGZTCO 3-426
Topics
Graham, Martha
Horst, Louis
Butler, Ethel -- Interviews
Bennington College. School of the Dance, 1934-1942
Martha Graham Dance Company
Every soul is a circus (Choreographic work : Graham)
Modern dance -- Technique -- Graham
Genres
Oral histories
Interviews
Notes
Additional physical form: For transcript of interview, see *MGZMT 3-426.
Bibliographic history: Title supplied by cataloger.
Source characteristics: Sound quality is fair. The recording is marred by extraneous noise and short gaps. Also, at times the speakers' voices are soft. However, for the most part the voices are easily intelligible.
Venue: Recorded by Elizabeth Kendall 1977, January 12
Funding: The conservation and cataloging of this recording was made possible in part by the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature. The support of the National Endowment for the Arts is also gratefully acknowledged.
Physical Description
Audiocassette
Extent: 2 audio cassettes (approximately 2 hr., 15 min.); quarter track; 1.875 ips
Description
Streaming audio file 1 (approximately 46 minutes). Ethel Butler speaks with Elizabeth Kendall about her childhood including her early attempts at choreography; taking class at the Neighborhood Playhouse including the powerful impression Graham made on her; studying at the Neighborhood Playhouse and subsequently joining Graham's company [Martha Graham Dance Company]; Graham technique; her affinity for Graham's work; the early Graham repertoire including Primitive mysteries; Louis Horst; her harmonious relations with Horst, Graham, and the other members of the company; her first season with the company; Graham's work Celebration; working with Graham in Death and entrances; an anecdote about Horst and his entertaining the dancers at rehearsals [ends abruptly but continues on streaming audio file 2].Streaming audio file 2 (approximately 46 minutes). Ethel Butler speaks with Elizabeth Kendall about Martha Graham's American provincials; Louis Horst's and Graham's influence on what she read; teaching, as Graham's assistant, at the Bennington College School of the Dance; (briefly) Erick Hawkins; her impressions of Merce Cunningham; Graham's works Frontier, Imperial gesture, and Horizons; Graham's good relationship with her production crew; other Graham works including Deep song and American documents; more on Graham technique [ends abruptly but continues on streaming audio file 3].Streaming audio file 3 (approximately 43 minutes ). Ethel Butler speaks with Elizabeth Kendall about Graham technique including movements that are no longer taught; Graham's work Every soul is a circus including the symbolism with regard to Graham's relationship with Erick Hawkins; Graham's gift for satire; Merce Cunningham in El penitente; Louis Horst at rehearsals; Graham's working methods; her work Land be bright; the influence of Graham's family background on her Americana works; her reasons for leaving the company; her decision to retire from dancing; her thoughts on some more recent Graham works and on Graham's Greek period; her belief in the Graham technique.
Type of Resource
Sound recording
Languages
English
Identifiers
RLIN/OCLC: 81359114
NYPL catalog ID (B-number): b12118186
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): b8b9a8c0-c277-0135-de0d-0d546b88e270
Rights Statement
The copyright and related rights status of this item has been reviewed by The New York Public Library, but we were unable to make a conclusive determination as to the copyright status of the item. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use.

Item timeline of events

  • 1977: Created
  • 2017: Digitized
  • 2019: Found by you!
  • 2020

MLA Format

Jerome Robbins Dance Division, The New York Public Library. "Interview with Ethel Butler, 1977" The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1977. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/1bb38540-c324-0133-595f-60f81dd2b63c

Chicago/Turabian Format

Jerome Robbins Dance Division, The New York Public Library. "Interview with Ethel Butler, 1977" New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed September 19, 2019. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/1bb38540-c324-0133-595f-60f81dd2b63c

APA Format

Jerome Robbins Dance Division, The New York Public Library. (1977). Interview with Ethel Butler, 1977 Retrieved from http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/1bb38540-c324-0133-595f-60f81dd2b63c

Wikipedia Citation

<ref name=NYPL>{{cite web | url=http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/1bb38540-c324-0133-595f-60f81dd2b63c | title= (sound recording) Interview with Ethel Butler, 1977, (1977) }} |author=Digital Collections, The New York Public Library |accessdate=September 19, 2019 |publisher=The New York Public Library, Astor, Lennox, and Tilden Foundation}}</ref>

Interview with Ethel Butler, 1977