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Feuerwerkbuch von 1420
Additional title: Bellifortis
Dates / Origin
Date Issued: 1445 (Inferred)
Place: Swabia, Germany
Library locations
Spencer Collection
Shelf locator: Spencer Coll. MS. 104
Kyeser, Conrad, 1366-approximately 1405. Bellifortis
Manuscripts, German -- Germany
Illumination of books and manuscripts
Military art and science
Ordnance -- History
Gunnery -- History
Blind tooled bindings
Leather bindings (Bookbinding)
Germany -- 15th century
illuminated manuscripts
bindings (gathered matter components)
Citation/reference: The Splendor of the Word. (ed.) J. G. Alexander, J. H. Marrow, L. F. Sandler (NYPL / Harvey Miller, 2005), 79.
Citation/reference: New York Public Library. Spencer Collection. Dictionary catalog and shelf list, vol. II, p. 904.
Content: This MS. comprises two separate MSS. bound together: Part 1, ff. 1-55, Feuerwerksbuch von 1420, by an anonymous author, active 15th century. Part 2, ff. 56-156, Conrad Kyesr's Bellifortis (also called "Das puch exiles") in a version much closer to that found in Spencer Coll. MS. 58.
Content: The manuscript Feuerwerksbuch von 1420 is a treatise on explosives, including fabrication and use, constructed in the form of dialogue between master and pupils.
Content: Manuscript date from f. 50v.
Content: Layout: Written in 21 long lines per page, ruled in ink, prickmarks and catchwords visible.
Content: Decoration: Colored pen and ink drawings on nearly every page, many containing human and animal figures. Red initials, rubrics.
Content: Collation: four quires of twelve folios each; one quire of seven folios (originally eight -- stub visible before f. 49).
Content: Script: Gothic cursive.
Preferred citation: NYPL. Spencer Collection MS. 104
Language: In German.
Ownership: fol. i German note by Wiegrebe, dated 20 August 1828.
Content: Binding, by Johannes de Pulco (active in Basel, in the third quarter of the 15th-century) identified in a scroll stamp inscribed 'io de putro': blind stamped brown leather over boards with five brass bosses with restored iron catch and lock, re-backed in the eighteenth century
Content: Splendor of the Word, PBL # 79: [64v-65r] Children on hobbyhorses carrying lighted tapers conjuring up the dead; soldiers laying siege to a castle using baskets as protective hoods
Date: 1440 - 1460 (approximate): [78v-79r] Stepped, portable bulwark; armed vehicle ["crab"]
Physical Description
Blind tooled bindings
Leather bindings (Bookbinding)
Brass clasps
Extent: Extent: 181 leaves, bound : paper, ink, manuscript, illuminations ; 283 x 202 mm
Type of Resource
Still image
Photo Order: 64504
RLIN/OCLC: 1340691502
NYPL catalog ID (B-number): b22835646
Universal Unique Identifier (UUID): dff06aa0-0c41-013b-3a89-0242ac110002
Rights Statement
The New York Public Library believes that this item is in the public domain under the laws of the United States, but did not make a determination as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. This item may not be in the public domain under the laws of other countries. Though not required, if you want to credit us as the source, please use the following statement, "From The New York Public Library," and provide a link back to the item on our Digital Collections site. Doing so helps us track how our collection is used and helps justify freely releasing even more content in the future.

Item timeline of events

  • 1445: Issued
  • 2023: Digitized
  • 2023: Found by you!
  • 2024

MLA Format

Spencer Collection, The New York Public Library. "Feuerwerkbuch von 1420" The New York Public Library Digital Collections. 1445.

Chicago/Turabian Format

Spencer Collection, The New York Public Library. "Feuerwerkbuch von 1420" New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed November 30, 2023.

APA Format

Spencer Collection, The New York Public Library. (1445). Feuerwerkbuch von 1420 Retrieved from

Wikipedia Citation

<ref name=NYPL>{{cite web | url= | title= (text) Feuerwerkbuch von 1420, (1445) |author=Digital Collections, The New York Public Library |accessdate=November 30, 2023 |publisher=The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations}}</ref>

Feuerwerkbuch von 1420