The introduction of Hercules and the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux, in Eleusinian mysteries.
NamesDesnoyers, Auguste Gaspard Louis (1779-1857) (Lithographer)Housselin, Alexis Louis Pierre (Engraver)
Wonders: Images of the Ancient World
Dates / OriginDate Issued: 1844 - 1861
Library locationsThe Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture CollectionShelf locator: PC-WON MYT
TopicsSerpents -- MythologyCeres (Roman deity)Hercules (Roman mythology)Persephone (Greek deity)Diana (Roman deity)Hairstyles -- Greece -- To 499Torches -- To 499Triptolemus (Greek mythology)Greeks -- Clothing & dress -- To 499Dioscuri (Greek mythology)Eleusinian mysteriesHecate (Greek deity)
NotesContent: The "Dioscuri" are the twins Castor and Pollux, symbolized in the constellation Gemini. The Eleusinian mysteries were the teachings of a secret society which stressed morals and ethics. Ceres was the Roman counterpart of the Greek Demeter, a goddess of agriculture and the harvest. Proserpine (Persephone to the Greeks), the daughter of Demeter, was a goddess of grains and of the underworld. Triptolemus was a "culture hero" who taught mankind the arts of agriculture. His "dragons" in this picture are rather small and look like large snakes. Hecate was a triple goddess of the moon, the earth and the underworld. Diana (her Roman name, to the Greeks she was Artemis) was the goddess of the moon and of the hunt. Content: The name "Toussaint" is listed as one of two lithographers credited below the image at lower left. Content: Written below image: "The introduction of Hercules and the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux, in Eleusinian mysteries. In the center Ceres stands holding a burning torch, Proserpine sits facing Triptolemus seated in his winged chariot drawn by two dragons. Hecate is at left and Diana at right, both with burning torches. Castor gives Diana his hand and he is characterized by the star. Pollux faces his brother and below him is Hercules. All three are crowned with myrtle and carry elaborate torches. The temple is indicated by the six Doric columns. The articles at Ceres' feet are instruments of weaving and of embroidery. Pourtales Collection."Source note: Elite des monuments céramographiques : matériaux pour l''histoire des religions et des moeurs de l''antiquité. (Paris : Leleux, 1844-1861) Lenormant, Charles (1802-1859), Author.
Physical DescriptionLithographsExtent: 1 print : b ; 34 x 48 cm.
Type of ResourceStill image
IdentifiersUniversal Unique Identifier (UUID): 91e4e070-c5be-012f-ac4d-58d385a7bc34
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